Photograph: Students in a classroom.

Upper-Level Requirements

To graduate, students must complete:

  • Professional Responsibility,
  • Constitutional Law II,
  • Secured Transactions (for students who began law school before fall 2014) or Civil Procedure II (for students who begin law school fall 2014 and later),
  • Criminal Procedure,
  • Evidence,
  • one Perspectives on Law course from those listed below,
  • the upper-level writing AND oral presentation requirements described below,
  • Skills courses (six credit hours with at least a grade of "C" or "CR") from those listed below), and
  • Multiple Assessment Courses (if grade point average falls below a 2.6 after first two semesters).

In choosing electives, students should understand that law school is an opportunity to obtain a broad foundation in the law. The faculty, therefore, encourages selection of courses across a wide range of topics. Even if students have an area of law in which they know they want to specialize, it is important to study other areas of law to understand their impact on the chosen specialty.

Perspectives on Law courses:

  • Admiralty and Maritime Law
  • Advanced Intellectual Property Seminar
  • Art Law
  • Barbados: Comparative & International Taxation Law
  • Barbados: Topics in Comparative Law and Criminal Procedure
  • Bioethics and the Law
  • Comparative Constitutional Law
  • Comparative Family Law
  • Comparative Law: Understanding Method and Theory
  • Constitutional History
  • Family Law Seminar
  • Federal Indian Law (formerly: Native American Law)
  • Feminist Legal Theory
  • Forensic Science Evidence
  • Global Intellectual Property Enforcement Law
  • International Intellectual Property Law
  • International Law of Indigenous Peoples (formerly: Law of Indigenous Peoples)
  • Jurisprudence
  • Law and Economics
  • Law and Human Rights
  • Law and Religion Seminar
  • Law Colloquium
  • Law in Literature
  • Law of Armed Conflict (formerly: International Criminal Law and the Law of War)
  • Public International Law
  • Race and the Law
  • Selected Topics in Torts
  • Sexuality and the Law
  • Study Abroad in Maastricht
  • Tax Policy Seminar
  • Tribal Court Practice
  • Tribal Law and Government
  • Washburn Study Abroad Program in Barbados

Upper-Level Writing Requirement

Courses that meet the Upper-Level Writing and Oral Presentation requirements vary from semester to semester depending on the professor's approach and class size. For a list of courses that meet the requirements see "registration information" provided as part of each semester's schedule packet.

Objective

Each student is required to complete a rigorous writing experience after the student has earned at least 26 hours of law school credit.

A rigorous writing experience reflects the core values of supervised rewriting and individualized feedback. Students undertake supervised rewriting to better organize contents, further develop a point or thesis, recast ideas in more sophisticated language, achieve analytical flow and clarity, and furnish accurate and proper citations. Professors must provide individual feedback to each student. A single draft is generally insufficient to satisfy the upper-level writing requirement. Professors should encourage students to start the writing process early to allow time for rewriting.

Certification

The student's final written product must be of satisfactory quality as determined by the supervising professor. Moreover, any rigorous writing experience demands that the student produce a substantial amount of written work. For example, a unitary writing project such as a scholarly article, a directed research paper, or an appellate brief normally should consist of at least 20 pages or 5,000 words (excluding footnotes).

Curriculum

A student may meet the upper-level writing requirement by participating in a variety of writing experiences, including seminar courses, directed research, clinic, law journal, and moot court. The Associate Dean for Academic Affairs, in consultation with the supervising professors, will approve specific courses offering writing experiences that may satisfy the requirement, including an aggregate writing project consisting of a series of documents. A list of approved courses will be made available to students with pre-enrollment materials.

A student may use part of a jointly written work (such as a moot court brief) as the basis for meeting the requirement only if the student develops that part into an individual writing project under a professor's supervision.

The upper-level writing requirement may be met only in a course or activity supervised by a full-time member of the faculty, other than in exceptional circumstances with advance approval of the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.

Timing

Students are encouraged to initiate the upper-level writing experience no later than in the next-to-last semester of law school. Failure to do so could result in a delay of graduation.

(approved by faculty November 6, 2006)

Upper-Level Oral Presentation Requirement

All students are required, in their second or third year of law school, after completing at least 26 hours, to make a substantial oral presentation. The presentation must take place in the context of a law school course or as a member of a team practicing for or participating in an interschool competition. The presentation may take any number of forms, including a seminar presentation, a Moot Court argument, a mock trial, client counseling, negotiation competition, or an oral presentation in a clinic internship. For a presentation to satisfy the requirement, a faculty member must observe the presentation and certify (1) that the presentation required significant advance preparation and (2) that the quality of the presentation was satisfactory.

Skills Requirement

Courses meeting the skills requirement (see additional courses below):

  • Advanced Legal Research
  • Advanced Oil and Gas Law
  • Advanced Trial Advocacy
  • Alternative Dispute Resolution
  • Appellate Practice
  • Child Advocacy Training
  • Client Counseling
  • Clinic Internship/Litigation
  • Clinic Internship/Transactional
  • Collaborative Law
  • Criminal Appeal Advocacy
  • Criminal Appeal Advocacy: Advanced Topics
  • Cross-Examination Techniques
  • Directed Internship/Litigation
  • Directed Internship/Transactional
  • Directed Research - Veterans' Claims
  • Divorce Practice
  • Domestic Violence
  • Drafting Contracts and Conveyances
  • Evolution of a Business Transaction
  • Financial Issues in Divorce
  • Forensic Science Evidence
  • Interviewing & Counseling
  • Jury Selection and Voir Dire
  • Law Practice Management
  • Legal Analysis in Context - Torts
  • Legal Analysis, Research and Writing for the Government Client
  • Legal Writing for Clerkships and Externships
  • Litigation Strategies
  • Mediation
  • Mediation: Civil
  • Mediation: Core Principles
  • Mediation: Criminal
  • Mediation: Domestic Relations
  • Mineral Title Examination
  • Moot Court
  • Negotiation
  • Negotiation Competition
  • Oil and Gas Conservation Law and Practice
  • Pretrial Advocacy-Civil
  • Pretrial Advocacy-Criminal
  • Specialized Legal Research: Business Law
  • Specialized Legal Research: Foreign, Comparative and International Law
  • Specialized Legal Research: Statutory and Regulatory Law
  • Taking and Defending Depositions
  • Transactional Drafting
  • Trial Advocacy
  • Trial Advocacy Competition
  • Writing for Law Practice

The following courses satisfy 1 hour only of credit towards meeting the skills requirement:

  • Constitutional Litigation Seminar
  • International Business Transactions
  • Patent Prosecution
  • Tribal Law and Government

The following courses satisfies 2 hours only of credit towards meeting the skills requirement:

  • Real Estate Transactions

(Skills requirement revised April 2014)

Multiple Assessment Courses

Additionally, students whose grade point average falls below a 2.6 after the first two semesters are required to take a minimum of two Multiple Assessment Courses as soon as practicable. Multiple Assessment Courses are foundation courses that are open to all students, which include exercises, quizzes, or other activities designed to provide students with opportunities for assessment and feedback during the semester. Please refer to the Course Details and Advice (provided each semester with enrollment instructions) for information regarding which courses have been designated as Multiple Assessment Courses for any particular semester.

(Multiple Assessment Courses requirement added April 2014)

Courses that meet the Upper-Level Writing and Oral Presentation requirements vary from semester to semester depending on the professor's approach and class size. For a list of courses that meet the requirements see "Course Details and Advice" provided as part of each semester's schedule packet.